Month: January 2021

What you need to know about (Covid-19) vaccines

What you need to know about (Covid-19) vaccines

There are a lot of news now about the Covid-19 vaccines. They are many different types coming into the market. This means that the different vaccines are made differently using specific methods, and therefore their safety profiles and efficacy are different as well.

To understand the Covid-19 vaccines better, it is useful to know:

  1. How vaccines are made or what are the different methods available in making a vaccine
  2. What are the clinical trials of vaccines so that you can understand what is meant by preclinical, phase 1, phase 2, phase 3 and phase 4 trials.
  3. Types of Covid-19 vaccines (see a simple summary in the image below)
  4. All you want to know about the Malaysian Covid-19 vaccine programme and when you can expect to be vaccinated
Latest Guidelines on Management of Close Contact

Latest Guidelines on Management of Close Contact

On 14 January 2021, the Health Ministry released a new guideline on the management of close contact – people who were exposed to patients diagnosed with Covid-19.

A person who is exposed for 15 minutes or more, at a distance of less than 6 feet, to someone diagnosed with Covid-19 infection is generally regarded as a close contact. The risk is increased if one or both were without a face mask during that contact.

All close contact must get their rt-PCR swab done.

A close contact can be asymptomatic or symptomatic.

  1. If a close contact is asymptomatic, and has a negative rt-PCR swab test, and continues to be asymptomatic, self home quarantine ends after 10 days.
  2. If a close contact is asymptomatic, and has a negative rt-PCR swab test, and then becomes symptomatic, this individual needs a second rt-PCR swab test and needs to be quarantined for 10 days, beginning from the first day of symptoms.
  3. If a close contact is symptomatic, and has a negative rt-PCR swab test, and the symptoms cleared, then quarantine ends after day 10.

Home Quarantine Guidelines for Covid-19 Patients with no or mild symptoms

Home Quarantine Guidelines for Covid-19 Patients with no or mild symptoms

As the number of Covid-19 patients increases, our hospitals are quickly running low in beds, tests, personnel and resources. As such, the Health Ministry has issued new guidelines for quarantine.

Those Covid-19 patients with no or mild symptoms are no longer admitted to our hospitals for quarantine. Instead, they are required to do self-quarantine at home.

For those who have tested positive for Covid-19, AND has no or very mild symptoms, here are the guidelines for home quarantine:

Home Quarantine Guidelines
Home Quarantine Guidelines for Patients
Guidelines for Duration of Quarantine

Colchicine effective oral drug for Covid-19

Colchicine effective oral drug for Covid-19

Canadian doctors have claimed a first in the use of a common oral medication that appears to be effective in treating Covid-19 infections.

In a study that involved 4,159 patients diagnosed with Covid-19 with PCR tests, patients taking colchicine were able to reduce risk of death or hospitalisation by 21% compared to placebo. The need for mechanical ventilation was reduced by 50% and death by 44%.

For more on this story, click here.